Aaron PackmanNorthwestern University CEE Professor
Microbial biofilms grow ubiquitously on wet surfaces in natural, engineered, and biomedical systems. Biofilms both drive critical biogeochemical cycles and present challenges for water systems efficiency and infectious disease. My group has explored interactions between biofilms and surrounding environmental conditions in many contexts: eradication of biofilm-based infections, biofilm control in municipal and building water systems, and waterborne disease transmission in rivers. Fundamentally, biofilms are a composite biological material, with cells suspended in a self-synthesized polymeric matrix. Biomineralization and particle deposition both lead to accumulation of inorganic components in the biofilm matrix, which increases the structural and morphological complexity of the biofilm. We have found that the susceptibility of biofilms to biocides and antimicrobials depends on internal transport processes mediated by the structure of these inorganic deposits. Specifically, hindered transport through the biofilm matrix reduces biofilm killing, and mineral deposits that encapsulate the biofilm further hinder transport, leading to protection and stabilization of the biofilm. At larger scales, biofilms on streambeds and hyporheic sediments capture suspended cells and particles, contributing to long-term particle retention and colonization of river sediments by bacteria. I will present results on multiscale experimentation and imaging of solute-particle-biofilm interactions in these systems, along with conceptual and quantitative models for linking these processes across scales.
Aaron Packman is Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Director of the Center for Water Research at Northwestern University. His research focuses on water, particles, and microbiota, with particular emphasis on the basic processes that control interfacial dynamics in water systems and the coupling of physical processes with biological and biogeochemical processes. Dr. Packman’s work is highly collaborative and encompasses fluid mechanics, particle transport, surface chemistry, and microbiology. Important applications include benthic microbial ecology, nutrient and carbon cycling, contaminant transport and water quality, ecosystem degradation and restoration, waterborne disease transmission, and control of biofilms in human infection and engineered water systems. Dr. Packman has received several awards for his work, including Career awards from the U.S. National Science Foundation and National Institutes of Health, the Huber Research Prize from the American Society of Civil Engineers, and a Fulbright Distinguished Chair award for research and teaching at Politecnico di Torino.